We outline the inverse scattering theory for acoustic waves in a perturbed stratified medium developed by Dr. Yongzhi Xu .

Consider wave scattering by an obstacle in a stratified medium shown in Waves scattered by an obstacle.

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The shape determination problem we consider is that given information on incident waves and far-field patterns of scattered waves, determine the shape of the scatterer.

Computer simulation has been performed to reconstruct the shape of a 2-D scatterer using incomplete far-field data for different incident waves.

The scattered far-field data is obtained by solving the direct scattering problem using an approximate boundary integral method.

To reconstruct the shape of the scatterer, we use only the scattered free-wave far-field data corresponding to different incident waves. The inverse problem is solved by a minimization algorithm developped by Xu. Our results are shown in Figure A and Figure B . The solid curve outlines the original scatterer. The reconstruction is shown by the shaded area.

In Figure A , we plot three shape reconstruction results for incident waves chosen from only guided-mode or only downward free-waves.

In Figure B (a), one guided mode is used. In Figure B (b), two guided modes are used. In Figure B (c) one downward free-wave is used. Obviously, the results in Figure A are very poor shape reconstruction results. The results in Figure B are much better reconstructions.

These results, consistent with the theory, show that carefully chosen incident waves can greatly improve the quality of shape reconstruction in a stratified medium.

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Direct Scattering Introduction

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